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05/25/2021 03 Housing Action Plan 't..an,gtntj ka d E$A dt aY BUSINESS OF THE CITY COUNCIL YAKIMA, WASHINGTON AGENDA STATEMENT Item No. 3. For Meeting of: May 25, 2021 ITEM TITLE: Housing Action Plan SUBMITTED BY: Joseph Calhoun, Planning Manager Joan Davenport,Al CP, Community Development Director SUMMARY EXPLANATION: The City of Yakima received a$100,000 grant from the Department of Commerce to develop a Housing Action Plan (HAP). The HAP will develop a set of recommendations to increase housing supply and diversity, and meet local housing needs. The Council previously held a study session on February 23, 2021 on the HAP. Since that date the public process has began, S E PA environmental review was completed, and the Planning Commission (YPC) held a study session and public hearing. The YPC recommendation for approval of the HAP will be presented to the Council at a public hearing on June 1, 2021. The goal of this study session is to provide Council an overview of the process steps taken to- date, in preparation for the public hearing. The complete record of the YPC recommendation was provided to Council in the May 18, 2021 packet. ITEM BUDGETED: Yes STRATEGIC PRIORITY: Neighborhood and Community Building APPROVED FOR SUBMITTAL BY THE CITY MANAGER RECOMMENDATION: ATTACHMENTS: Description Upload Date Type resentation 5/19/2021 presentation SIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIIII IBM • • • M M • - • • - - - IA S. us _ _ _ _ _ ■ I ■ ■ , ■ICI rd • _ a • • TOi iiiii . . . . . . . � � � � 11111 .. . maim . sin " • ■ I . . ' II 11 lull r • I,. 11 I 1 , I /y`nN 1 {'f*z t 7 if. a a teptcm If ?, �. j ,,ra F,, ;'� ; inn ;awi t�41/40mtAU ._,'bt-5 City Council Study Session Presentation I May 25, 2021 I 5:00 pm via Zoom \%Lynt-237f.k� 11 BERK Review : Project Approach What is a Housing Action Plan ( HAP)? ■ Builds on previous studies. A set of concrete ■ Focuses on implementation . steps to meet local a Identifies gaps between needs and housing needs. market. a Engages the community. • Identifies barriers and strategies. a Prioritizes concrete actions and identifies responsible parties. 11 I© City of Yakima Equity Study Analysis City of Yakima Comprehensive Plan 2040 : Housing Element City of Yakima Consolidated Plan, 2015 — 2019 Yakima County 5-Year Plan to Address Homelessness, 2019 — 2024 Yakima County Farmworker Housing Action Plan, 2011 — 2016 l Sets requirements for HAPs. Provided a grant program to local governments to develop HAPs. ® Administered by the Washington State Department of Commerce. HAPs must be complete by June 2021. ® Extended from original, pre-COVID-19 deadline of April 1, 2021 l Grant Requirements J r. { go i row: vsffr The goal of the HAP is to encourage construction of: f., `.':. • ... additional affordable and market rate housing... riC -"' ,.:' . .. in a greater variety of housing types... b .� 1� : �♦ X� ' ■ • ... and at prices that are accessible to a greater '<t; for \elopi ig variety of incomes... a 11o11.LiiigArtion Plan ■ ... including strategies aimed at the for-profit Public Kellett Draft single-family home market. .r` 'xII'aI,"'•' aI"",I'•' ,':• .Ottt :ry d'rol4 lul artvftc:daLI ......................................................................................................................... Plan ring Framework . Planningframework for WA r wth€€€€ a€nage€ e€n _€€ State ............................................ ........................................... State of Washington r CitY of Yakima i Long-term olio document � policy Cd �I1IfE�:::: ::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::: :::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::::.. * Defines broad uses Site-specific designation for each property Zoning Defines specific uses Development Regulations Housing Action Plan Process 2020 Winter 2021 Spring 2021 June 2021 Clarify and quantify Identify strategies Create an .. housing needs and policy solutions :. implementation plan Imp 11 Development Process and Housing Action Plan HAP Strategy Recommendations r Based On: • Development Regulation • HNA Findings Updates • Community • Permitting Input Improvements • Code Audit & • Programs Policy Review • Policy Changes Future Changes Based on Adopted HAP (TBD) si g Project Background Community Engagement and Input Strategy Goals Strategies • Inform the public. 1. Community Integration Committee Engagement • Use equitable strategies to reach 2. Yakima City Council Engagement diverse audiences. 3. Community Survey • Invite input through a range of 4. "Roundtable-in-a-Box" Virtual Community Listening Sessions methods. • Listen and respond to feedback. 5. Technical Advisory Committee 6. Virtual Community Meeting 7. Legislative Process II Bryan Ketcham I Catholic Charities Housing Services Cecilia Arroyo I Yakima Resident Jake Mayson I Central Washington Home Builders Association Esther Magasis I Yakima County Homeless Program Isabel Garcia I Office of Rural and Farmworker Housing Jacob Liddicoat I City of Yakima Planning Commission Jennifer Mendoza I Yakima Resident Jon Smith I Yakima County Development Association Laura Armstrong I La Casa Hogar Lowel Krueger I Yakima Housing Authority Marcus Pimpleton I Yakima School District Marlaina Goodman I Yakima Resident Meloney Rosen I Yakima Valley Partners Habitat for Humanity Rhonda Hauff I Yakima Neighborhood Health Services Sandra Aguilar I City of Yakima Community Integration Committee Engagement Efforts to Date Broad community outreach & engagementga Targeted stakeholder engagement ■■ ■■■ S IIIIII � - - • l� �i ��ii �� Survey responses, including 138 in • Affordability ::::::: Meetings with a Technical Advisory • Need fora greater diversity of Spanish. Availability iiiiiiiiiiriiiiiiiiii Committee (TAG). housing types,including EEEEEE Interviews with local housing intergenerational housing _____: Targeted outreach to families supported • Homelessness ??? developers • Shortage of housing and rising by La Casa Hagar,including 144 Detailed surveys of the TAC, costs confirmations and google responses Quality of housing Meeting-in-a-box hosted by a TAC . Anti displacement policies • Safety, crime, drugs, member. Community leaders and service and gangs Quality of existing housing providers contacted to help spread the EEEEEEE Meetings and consultation with the Community Integration ' Institutional racism,income word, inequality,and Lititititititilitititi Committee(CIC). Q Y, geographic g p EEE::j Spanish-language media outlets EEEEEE Phone-and email interviews with segregation €€€€ advertised the project. €€€€€€€ members of the CIC. • Support for first-time EEEEEEE Phone interviews with members of homebuyers Outreach messages including direct the Yakima City Council, Mayor and ■ Transitional housing and email,social media posts,press releases City Manager mental health supports in English and Spanish,reaching 7C} community contacts.There were 751 Additional interviews with • Housing development :::::: page views on the City website community leaders. challenges related to lack of infrastructure i Products Completed Remaining Work • Webpage and Project Identity April — June 2021 - Planning Commission and Public Engagement Plan Legislative Process ® Housing Needs Assessment June 2021 — Final Housing Action Plan ® Policy and Regulatory Review ® Preliminary Draft Housing Action Plan Needs Assessment Overview Many households experience cost burden . Needs are greatest among From 2012-2016, 36% of all households were cost burdened. households with low incomes. • %2 of renter households. • % of households with <50% of the • county MFI are cost burdened. % of owner households. • The greatest concentration of households with low incomes is in Total Cost-Burdened Households by Income Level in City of Yakima, 2012-2016 eastern Yakima and many are of 14,000 Total HH:12,945 Hispanic/Latino ethnicity. 12,000 There is considerable need among 10,000 elderly residents. 8,000 Total HH:6,640 6,000 Total HH:4,995 Total HH:5,065 • 5,400 older persons live alone in 4,000 Total HH:3,495 ................................. Yakima. 42% of these residents are 2,000 cost burdened and 0 2210 are o severely cost burdened. Extremely Low- Very Low-Income(30-Low-Income(50-80% Moderate Income(80- Above Median Income(530% AMI) 50% AMI) AMI) 100% AMI) Income(>100%AMI) "(Severely Cost-Burdened (>50%) --Cost-Burdened (30-50%) Not Cost Burdened Not Calculated 11 pries are ri i Percent Change since 2012 in Average Home Values, Average Rents and HUD Median Family Income 421; as q The median home value in Yakima has risen by 33%. Y6 00 Cr u The median family income has risen by 19%. 212 2C12 201<. 20i5 :2C15 2017 2C'S ®Average Nome Vaive Yakima ®.Average Pont Yak r:x •••••••Mecion Fan y rut no Yoio Tic:County Yakima needs more units and diversity of housing. There is a housing shortage in Yakima. Yakima needs more housing diversity. • Vacancy rates for both apartments and homes • About 30% of all households in Yakima are for sale are extremely low — below 1%. singles living alone. Yakima County Multifamily Rents and Vacancy, 2010-2019 $900 6% ssis 7% $600 „AA 7% HOUSING .54- pFan . $450 3% INVENTORY Onatesen $300 2% (2018) * cia Hrow ***,,.*(HrHo, Tt, S Ht tit $150 121, 070% • El 720 „Ann SO 0% 2010 2011 2012 2013 2C24 2013 2016 2017 2013. 2019 * M0b416 H otget. —Average Monthly Rent (2-rar) Att...ARenal Vacancy Rate :11 u Many who work in the community cannot live here. Workers with low wages are Place of Residence for Workers in City of Yakima, 2017 traveling long distances to jobs in t5 . .r �5, .... • More Workers Yakima. a.. 5y kr"t$tYi t ,. ■ Over 7,000 workers with low wages ,•,,.{.r x. ... _ commute more than 50 miles from „tK:" ".+.�a.{.x1 Less Workers their home to a workplace in +.5 5., t, . q,rw.xe G 'r. aar . C Yakima City Limits Yakima (nearly % of all workers * „ knT:tr. A, e .> 3 Other Cities BK:YF'r.i ., ,, with low wages in the city). £.. ....,,,, County Boundaries . ' "'°• �''. Yakoma Reservation $'. + l±I YAT;AW r.5 f.. I .:rytPitk, r t•fi, kT , ~- L 3 , x rlin s { K'krAlg 'r IA, i r. . 5. II Draft Plan Highlights Final Product. Deadline of June 2021 Highlights from the Table of Contents ooum Developing the HAP mom IIOIisY..- � Community Input iFImmo um inn � ���� J Technical Analyses • Objectives and Strategies Objectives Encourage diverse housing development within existing neighborhoods. E if . aeff Oft ti t E_ Create and preserve affordable homes. 0,044...-2474,:201 c Create homeownership opportunities for low-and moderate-income households. c. Support housing options that meet the diverse needs of older adults, E. Address the needs of those struggling with homelessness. F. Protect against displacement and poor housing conditions. Strategies by Priority(Priority 1, Priority 2, and Priority 3) Implementation and Timeline Monitoring and Key Indicators Appendices Community Engagement E_ Housing Needs Assessment Policy and Regulatory Review c. Potential City-owned Catalyst Sites E. Displacement Risk Analysis Objectives 2. Housing 4. Support for 5. Address 6.Anti- 1. Affordability Diversity Older Adults Homelessness Displacement Create and Encourage Create Support housing Encourage Protect against preserve diverse housing homeownership options that housing for displacement affordable development opportunities for meet the diverse people and poor homes. within existing households with needs of older experiencing housing neighborhoods low- and adults. homelessness, conditions. moderate- older adults and incomes. people with disabilities. 11I II Priority 1 Strategies Update regulations to Invest strategically Encourage rent-to-own remove barriers to and sweat equity innovative housing. in infrastructure. pp 0 ortunities. Expand and update Develop, acquire, or sell Incentivize landlords to down payment surplus or under-utilized improve the quality and assistance programs. city property. maintenance of housing. si II 23 Priority 2 Strategies • Create design standards for multifamily and mixed-use development. • Improve permitting and environmental review process. • Expand need-based rehabilitation assistance. • Add more permanent supportive housing. • Coordinate seasonal farmworker housing as severe-weather shelters. • Ensure code enforcement does not displace residents. • Continue to support education programs on homeownership. • Revise parking standards in key areas. • Partner with local nonprofits and housing providers. la Priority 3 Strategies ( Part 1 of 2 ) ■ Consider fee waivers or deferrals for affordable housing. ■ Give grants/loans to directly support small businesses. ■ Engage with local employers to support workforce housing. ■ Consider a levy or sales tax for affordable housing. ■ Collaborate with nonprofits to build transitional housing. ■ Expand landlord and tenant assistance. ■ Address mobile home parks that are dilapidated . ■ Encourage micro-retail and flexible cultural space design. ■ Support third-party purchases of existing affordable housing. ■ Explore "Right to Return" policies for promoting home ownership. ■ Incentivize senior housing. ■ Support aging in place services. Priority 3 Strategies ( Part 2 of 2 ) ■ Minimize barriers to development of housing serving multiple populations. ■ Put in place Just Cause eviction protections. ■ Consider the strategic acquisition of existing multifamily housing. ■ Recalibrate the Multi-Family Tax Exemption ( MFTE) program . ■ Incentivize backyard cottages and cottage housing. ■ Collaborate with faith-based organizations on temporary housing and permanent supportive housing. ■ Provide tenant relocation assistance. ■ Provide customized housing assistance through a Housing Navigator program . ■ Adopt a Notice of Intent to Sell / Sale Ordinance. ■ Put in place community benefits/development agreements. g