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10/01/2019 10 Apropriation of Funds - No Camping Ordinance 't..an,gtntj ka d E$A aY !,?,1 BUSINESS OF THE CITY COUNCIL YAKIMA, WASHINGTON AGENDA STATEMENT Item No. 10. For Meeting of: October 1, 2019 ITEM TITLE: Consideration of appropriation of funds to address the no camping ordinance SUBMITTED BY: Scott Schafer, Interim Assistant City Manager SUMMARY EXPLANATION: At the September 17 2019 meeting, Council directed staff to prepare a proposal on an appropriation of money to address the no camping ordinance. Staff is continuing to work on this proposal and will have it ready for distribution at the agenda meeting. ITEM BUDGETED: STRATEGIC PRIORITY: APPROVED FOR f �' Interim City Manager SUBMITTAL: Ly,/t STAFF RECOMMENDATION: BOARD/COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATION: p1,strNov+-cdG,,)-Aleet•i'n tv/IJ I 1.f—c. -1# 1 O _ s 3,- tr. 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Yakima C it Council . . - ' ctober i, -20 -r• . , .• ,. -.• . .. •...... ... . —, .„„..I 19 4 Topics for Discussion Part I - Objectives Part II - Current Efforts Part III — Suggested Ordinance Revisions Part IV — Proposals Part V - Challenges . x. LX . / r Part I - Objectives 4 .• • �}, a.r y4._. 4,9f, • Address visual blight ht , . �• .ini • Unscheduled collection of waste and litter from the § ., , City's public areas/thoroughfares , ' F °$`-, K ;. • Expedited clean-up of illegal dumps in public areas�,p. , ,, ,\ . f • Cleanup from;homelesscamps \ . • Support officers in unlawful camping enforcement x ���ip --` • Coordi'nation with i.e,,,-i_,g......_..h......,_-b,•- for annua• l clean-up - „K„ - events x .-�{ -b z ,. A a t - c rr • 'Create Educational Component . - ,::- 4 9 •.=En ._ a: .. a with community artners and volunteers 5/ � .:.94g y=p r. . F 'X; a, n gy � r -a ." q ',, 17 > } :y Xi 4�d 4 + i# �j _ ': n' p . 1 }':NW ',3*'? ° At�` h 3H., 1 "" °ct ' ` ti�,-�S y � `# r,,% se k .4-' J a�yv:., 3 � .. . p'47 .{t Ill r.`,/\O'R— U'' � �`. " 3 v r . Y Legal Limitations • Prohibiting camping, sleeping, or lying in public violates the Eighth Amendment ban on cruel and unusual punishment if an individual does not have a meaningful alternativ (space in shelter or place to camp). Martin v. Boise g ( p • Unauthorized encampment — Prior to clearing an encampment, local government must provide notice to camp residents (72 hour minimum notice has been recognized as acceptable). Lavan v City of Los Angeles • Personal property — Personal property found during encampment removal must be held for a certain amount of time so that it can be claimed by the owner. Lavan v. City of Los Angeles • Searches Officers need a search warrant before searching a tent. State v. Pippin • Loitering — Prohibitions on Loitering, accept for criminal purposes, such as Loiteringfor purposes of dru activityorprostitution, are g unconstitutional. Chicago v. Jesus Morales "„' Part II - Current Efforts Camp //:(1 • Homeless Emphasis Task Force: av • City of Yakima Hope p • Code Division 'fara.b • Refuse Division UNION GOSPEL =7 MISSION • Police Department • Yakima Neighborhood Health ilk Nei hb©rbood • Camp Hope • Union Gospel Mission ° ° .� .� lb OLAC% • Addressed the following areas: • OakSt./N. is' St. * r s� � Li xw :3` -Zpy*'� i` • Millennium Plaza ( � 1� • Naches Ave Parkway7' A ,�_ -_'=--. 4 - fi ; City of Yakima 4 fl , t = mx Code Administration -..a. _, -`, x.- ... �.. .�."�.<..-�.s�a�s �...�,_„ � ....,..•-^�...... .. r- ...,e..a.x �`�.-....a..z�ec_^���� .i dc3'^� ,,,. .-. .--a_�.�-.,, ,.•.r.���_" _- _ �_ _. .... Homeless Task Force Emphasis • Goals: • Provide lawful notice • Shelter/services outreach • Shopping cart recovery • Ordinance education • Garbage removal • 48 hour notification of abandoned property • Results: • Recovered approximately go shopping carts — returned to stores • 1 arrest (no-contact order) • 8 graffiti locations identified • 15 individuals entered into shelters at either Camp Hope or Union Gospel Mission • Reduction of activity on Oak Street ya.r7`- +t'#;r s�'.=' �+x'ti-ate M.: e x �' ;,a� $ ,r .,+,"• c; C , , ,; ?' �' ,. '.'S"a;'^S';,'.''t':;h�,. *Y,"„ '; "F.°tY Code/Law Enforcement • Continued Efforts: • Shopping cart recovery • Unlawful camping enforcement • 48-hour notification of property stored on City right of way • Removal of abandoned property and property that is blocking foot and vehicle traffic • Missing : • Refuse support • Maintained effort to connect individuals with services Cost of Arrest • Intensive Management Inmates (IMI) Medical/Mental health • 2019 : $10o a night 2020: $105 a night • Typically housed at least 3o days. • IMI typically have high medical costs. • If one person is arrested each week for a year (52 individuals): cost is $163,80o plus medical expenses. • Consequences of arrest: distrust, decompensation of mental health issues, and loss of benefits. • Does not include cost of Prosecution/Defense/Court Time . �_;�.•.�,ft• t,,.cf:..., �,..�,� �. $.`." 4--.., �4 E;:,.,.,3�� _N.�•��.M�..,.r .�„-.�%e_ -n`b?t;as:, t:`..:r„>. -R `.v- �.�,�r,... •"�a n,'"•z�,".`�'.W'8} .� .a:., .r,'�wt. rg»a,:: *�sf'yr,�� vr,r',�y �.C. *�' '�"�i�3�q`F � ... ..;..... �S'�.£E'. t �4r�"n� ti., t�s•1�:�3. 'v-s0 aS�"''i ,A .�'.;fi;.e.� .. �A,x..�.�'a0. �' S,.H... ,��. ' c r ,. ww.�C }.,... �.s.,: �, ar ..�: ..,"✓!i:..ax., ,. ;..h. �., ..w.�. s ... s.. r,t.� .,.:. s � ,.�...x.. ���..� ,4 �� � ,,, -_`ct '�,.,., `.�;,^Y. ,�.•. ,...5 � m0€^;, y:-`.. :,4'Y..��_��~s., �vea '�.:* •.w: �. .,;.;� ,,. r �T `ri' �.' .� �w°,a��'� ,.s�,L °'�"i x* -�x�a.t�r'�r'S y9,.. i.. 3i'�... '`�'��,. ak:k.,c,�. �. :�...�a - ,,a.+...�-F a,, �.�,,.... ,,, ;:.Ax+...r:n.. ..Ma= 4,.����� '*a ?i..�u`,�<�-.x .K :�d,•��...±�� �.. _y .,_. *s ..w :��",. aa�w._ �... .. �� .K N --. ,� ,.�' Cost of current efforts (One 6- hour emp hasis) • Refuse ■ $1, 200 • Police • $1,800 • Jail cost (1 arrest / 3o day stay typical) • $3,000 • Medical expense varies per person • +/- $3,000 (average amount) cost of emphasis without arrest: $3,000 cost of emphasis with i arrest including jail & medical : +/- $6,000 Part III - Suggested Ordinance Revisions • Revision of Shopping Cart Ordinance • Requirement of locking mechanism on all store shopping carts (phased) • Immediate removal of abandoned carts — store at Public Works • Stores given 24-hour notification to claim and pick up carts • Assessment of $50o to stores for each cart unclaimed • Amendment ofYMC 13.16 Parks Rules and Regulations to include "No closed tents allowed within City parks" • Revision ofYMC 11.48 Minimum Standards for Vacant Buildings �:., ,'x, ;'.'.' .�.•A't�" yz. ., Y ..4 . 4kx. .:: � .. .;'i... ,..'._ ":r v,. A E.�':'s� RS+'l _ .✓AZOr �:.+y-,P `4 r.,4:' pp[vy.f NQ ���.... ...#w. •ilk=: 3''�zn-"..* t .' `� *.mot �"i 'a: 'rf t ? ' 'Y,.c w;< viu. ,.q;.t �" r$1.xd �$° ...ik. r •�'rx c aa��..�'.�+k ... .ne s:'t''e^•a„<���� �c�-S', „'� � ��«r F � ,� «� +� +.'.i�'"a�. � ... .,.:�t-,..,.. "r .. ... ..:«-y .,.� � .. �.. -- � ,� ;-�� �.: .. ,-.. �+.aa.�`.•w.a ..�' ,.e+.+, .-�.� ...'Y.'ia�..rxaa-.x..+r<_ .c».4...'4(:s.,.+.�.� ,... ._.:.*�:_ Part IV - Prop osal A, B and C t .r k � •..-.� Y a h� _ .. e .F. � .♦ _Y.... � ..•y .. ,.w� � .ak -. .• >>rsro.t.�wr.. .r +�.x.. '." ', '. � .: __ � -= i Proposal A (continue current effort) Funding source : • General fund (vacant position savings) - $65,000 Example using three 4- hour emphasis: • 3 HTFE — cost: $7, 200 • Code and police follow up (3) — cost: $7, 200 • 5 arrests (jail & medical) — cost: +/- $30,000 • io arrests (jail & medical) — cost: +/- $60,000 t -..-v S3 � sg 7-14","°5^.... S�.. a8. ,r •`::, ,_' �:,3p� t 3.d - .�r:�' a'-^ �:° -�.b:... .-.- r .:,:' .�...,. .�.t^. -<: . #Y` .,y.,•T' k,e�h �£.r 4 ,•..,.f;� ::t- •:`�:>'::� x., � ...,�.. •s :,J ,pa�i_..... . .;^ �,e'� .. - +r. 5� #v.� .;C e.:+.., �' - _ `9 , ,. r».'": .:.. -r-^a c:. Y, :t .. ......x , u'.w;� �, �` s; t ;r"' s�3✓g ����? ...�,�°n,. .,��� .�._ ...��`TMt, � '"t.-;��. `".���a,? ,;�;�,,;ry.��'„ a.c-:�>,�'krx'.''�?. y. ... a „ *s°�.�tm� .°� �. '��x� x� > � 'v,,��' Ya��` �'�. �^:',.�♦ ?�`��«� s7;4.��, 4t_.�v��` ., •r#{"�>4�;v:.'ee'�. Proposal A • 2019 • Ordinance revisions • Appropriate money from general fund to continue to fund and support Homeless Task Force Emphasis efforts • Code and Law enforcement • Jail costs Proposal B and C CITY OF YAKIMA � 3 } NE 1nj �x K x L r x4 rf Wit. "Quality of Life For All " �4 Proposal B Costs estimated at: • $75, 000 — Code Enforcement person in Refuse with overtime • sio,000 — Compliance follow up • $42, 5oo — Equipment, Supplies, and Fuel • 25,000 — Temp Labor • $17, 500 — Waste Disposal Illllllllllllll CIUDAD DE YAKIMA Total - $170,000/year ! Proposal B Funding source : • Increase the Utility Tax imposed on Yakima Waste Systems commercial refuse collection • Yakima Waste Systems currently pays 16% Refuse Utility Tax to the City's General Fund ($68o,000 in 2018) • Increase the Utility Tax on Yakima Waste Systems to 2o% (4% increase); will generate approximately $3.7o,000 in additional General Funds. .., .q.a. .KK a.., _y.....�.,f w�,x�',. '..v"�. .� �'�...,�,.:�: ,:..-,�' S ,.s: x.,a•�.x•�1�*_a;:'., �'.'.q ro.- - s,a_, ,+....fro. .��rr:2•r.:;�» „�.�;-�;,,��:., - 7 ^g; d+r � s ��-„�3��'��."'+..�...��.t�., st���;`r< •�:�t .a ,..,, :xK.,�v+..,x-. .,.. ",.�:. .. . st.� ,. t A , a .. .. • _ .r.-ti <.�*'.-. ... .^ ..'4`a l`. 3..�r-=, •..�:� Proposal B • Utility Tax can be increased by City Council (super-majority vote) • Use of General Funds is allowable to cover costs associated with cleaning of illegal dumps, homeless camps and conducting community clean up events — Municipal Research and Services Center (MRSC) of Washington • Proposal is to dedicate the additional 4% in General Funds from the Yakima Waste System Utility Tax, to be utilized to cover the expenditures of the City's Clean City Project. t < ^%,y'$` t a,. k "a i '� _ III .,rr,`+ aF,�i,��'ib�X,�<�,..,. �±.... �^.., '� �,,. 3�.�av,� �a x�.n. ��"t'aa a..,,w.a�..�akc.�� �.a.�,a5�?v`Sa9.'`� T^,..,..'�...$ ... T� ,>__ �Y �„r._..,. � Proposed Plan with Proposal B • 2019 • Fill Refuse Code Enforcement Position • Funded by vacant/postponed position in Community Relations Division (YPAC) — approximate cost $65,000 • Ordinance Revisions • Coordinate with and supportYPD with enforcement activities • More frequent emphasis of troubled areas i .s; ��1� 2... �� �..b� .. �� �.- `"ez'a. ,5k« 7o: r Proposed Plan with Proposal B • 2020 • Coordinate with and supportYPD with enforcement activities • Enter into contract with Camp Hope and/or Union Gospel mission to assist with trash and shopping cart removal • More frequent emphasis of troubled areas •t „ -.. ��s :� s •r,.. ,, •. rq-.^a v '4a: �. `a t ,- }-� - , } �,,-s. i '.r: :.•r s... �+ _ Ez_.." �� ._.A go Yakima Waste Systems — Utility Tax Estimated Tax Revenue and Commercial Rate Impact with Proposed Rate Increases Monthly Impact - 2o% Uti •••• • ' I ityTa Reve y A drop weekly weekly box - . . . Current Rate ® 3.6% $694 o6o $84.78 si1o.25 $112.52 Increased Rate ® 2o% $867,576 $87.70 $3.3.4.05 $116.40 „, 0 $ fromlot • • — • • • $2.92 $3 8o $3.88 - . • ,• - • „ . • • • :::4„• • 6,04 ," ;41, " ;0- -' •, • • Proposal C Costs estimated at: • Contains proposal B minus $10,00o for codes follow up • 55,00o Additional Code Enforcement Officer • $6o,000 - Contract with Community Partner (Neighborhood Health) • $15,000 —YPD overtime • $50,000 - Additional Equipment, Supplies and Fuel • $30,000 - Additional City Labor • Daily activities of Homeless Task Force Team in problem areas Approximate cost = $385,000/year Proposal C Funding source : • Increase the Utility Tax imposed on Yakima Waste Systems commercial refuse collection • Yakima Waste Systems currently pays 16% Refuse Utility Tax to the City's General Fund ($68o,000 in 2018) • Increase the Utility Tax on Yakima Waste Systems to 25% (9% increase); will generate approximately $390,500 in additional General Funds. e .> 't. ; hq,^„:.gc"f•:u vp: Proposed Plan with Proposal C • 2019 • Fill Refuse Code Enforcement Position • Funded by vacant/postponed position in Community Relations Division (YPAC) — approximate cost $65,000 • Ordinance Revisions • Coordinate with and supportYPD with enforcement activities • More frequent emphasis of troubled areas Proposed Plan with Proposal C 2020 • Coordinate with and supportYPD with enforcement activities • Enter into contract with Camp Hope and/or Union Gospel Mission to assist with trash and shopping cart removal • Fill additional Code Enforcement Position • Daily emphasis of troubled areas • Enter into contract with Community Partner (Services Provider) • Address Abandon Vehicles • Address Vacant Buildings Yakima Waste Systems — Utility Tax Estimated Tax Revenue and Commercial Rate Impact with Proposed Rate Increases Monthly Impact - 25% Util'ityTaxr kF tTax'Revenue ` 3yd 44yd '{ 3o yd drop weekly weekly box'. Current Rate @a16% $694,060 $84.78 $110.25 $112.52 Increased Rate ® 25% $1,084,469 $91.35 $118.80 $121.25 $`A from 16%to h �: ' fy z 'f 25% 3 • x4 $390,409 '$6.58 t 8.55 t 4 $r8•/%.) • •Pr ; �,� � ,` '� :o i ,� y, w �. ';�, r�, k�tt �' c t "r� .t a e '} '^ g �'•y�t5ti �k �'�.� d � � '� t s y 4 r 3c p '�:t ' '� 7 r r s." et' a `.'.'�� �.xai ,'3.a..,.. ,,"' , ,. §+ rn,^ 4yx .X�'c k- �f'., �:�. n e. .,'v� ,.,n',�..:�:;:..she-r.,.,>k��*�,� $°,.,�.:>,a x ,"s,.h'F>':. ... .....:.: . ..r s'fir- "R,'i,�+§aa�'R�?i'it�`C �', 5�.a+•m�, :r.�Y?!'��. ...,.nex :.�i?t-u.t'.,.a§tome,....Tr '�''i'kss�S,.. �?t�.ccaa3,Fv.k,.�..:.-. x.. .. . ..,a Yakima Waste Utility Tax Comparison Utility Tax assessed on other Yakima Waste customers: • City of Sunnyside - 19% City of Zillah — 32% • City of Mabton - 2o% City ofToppenish - 38% Current City of Yakima rate — 16% il r4 t —�• uA Ta i t '1 YN 111•1\1\< •, $YSTEMS INC./ E —K AR _ ,t ate, ° v ,,yam=- � s1 '7'24842 3 a • ``• `' ';mod a„< ,. - S ,' t --"'k„�__Lztz II Ml •t t El l �� r ._ .n- i4' �'M P 7 .• .:F _ \ 2, .4.�✓. •: . ..3.v 41'''' 2 i % / x,�-i y -Yt 1Hw +ff 1 + - x- `:WEB, 1 . r.>f 91 1 ter' '. 'A, # '-;; 41.:. 5`,� -., .�.,.4.a$,1-'� <is.a •- 4 . t' ,5 -.' ei'''',',.,,.»•.:d r 4.r.ty.,r' .''rz`s:, rt. � ...1. . ,` 4 _� 77. � .�,+p .;ram fe �y x,.-a A; u �t . "�c - Zc [- r_�y.?. a: � u . ; �- e ; V . „"� ' r'•f? �:�,w,,. - • - .S - ° A sr ,._t t ., 5 _ ..Oi _ b�t 4 (:6�rX y ms,� ' ,,; Part V - Challeng es • Retirement of Code Administration Manager • Current funding source is prohibited — Refuse rate payers • Violent crimes — first priority • Jail costs without necessary services — cost • Need for more transitional housing • Public's expectations • Questions ? _:: ..„---- 0 ....,..r..-4.4-.•• _ . . . , .... . v „...,„,....w .. „ .4 1„ , .:5 ,.., „•.....„,,.....„ . .,„. . , •..,.. ... .„_;.•2 .. • , ,,,,,-..,.... .:,..-.,-....•„.i.,,•-:i. .. :,,,.. .. , , . .. . . • , . _ .... e, _ • * , 411 a„ 1. ,, .1, .• .. - -v6, ...- to. (k),, .. _, ..„.. ...... 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